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Match the following columns and select the correct option :

Column - IColumn - II
(a)Gout(i)Decreased levels of estrogen
(b)Osteoporosis(ii)Low Ca++ ions in the blood
(c)Tetany(iii)Accumulation of uric acid crystals
(d)Muscular dystrophy(iv)Auto immune disorder
(v)Genetic disorder

(1) (a)-(i), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)

(2) (a)-(ii), (b)-(ii), (c)-(iii), (d)-(iv)

(3) (a)-(iii), (b)-(i), (c)-(ii), (d)-(v)

(4) (a)-(iv), (b)-(v), (c)-(i), (d)-(ii)

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Best answer

Answer (3) (a)-(iii), (b)-(i), (c)-(ii), (d)-(v)

Sol. The correct answer is option (3) as Gout is inflammation of joints due to accumulation of uric acid crystals, so (a) in column I matches with (iii) in column II.

Osteoporosis, (b) in column I, is an age-related disorder and as its common cause is decreased levels of estrogen, so it matches with (i) in column II.

(c) in column I matches with (ii) in column II as in tetany rapid spasms occur in muscles due to low Ca2+ in body fluid.

(d) In column I matches with (v) in column II because muscular dystrophy is progressive degeneration of skeletal muscle mostly due to genetic disorder. Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder, (iv) option given in column II.

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